Factors associated with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Hospital based Cross-sectional Study in Dhaka

DOI: https://doi.org/10.47648/zhswmcj.2023.v0502.05

Ipshita Jahan Shaanta1 , Mohammad Nurunnabi2 , Nipa Biswas3 , Ashrafun Nahar4 , Monowar Ahmad Tarafdar5 , Ahmed Hossain6


Background: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus is an emerging global health problem. It carries long-term health consequences for the mother and her offspring. Early diagnosis and treatment decrease indispositions for the mother and offspring in the index pregnancy.

Methods: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was carried out to assess the factors associated with gestational diabetes mellitus among the 330 pregnant women in the Central Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Results: The GDM woman’s age, nulliparity, duration of sleep and existence of diabetes or HTN poses risk factors for GDM during the 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. In all cases, p-value was found <0.05. Odds ratio with 95% confdence interval suggests that women who had slept less than 8 hours had 3.17 times higher odds (95% CI: 1.48-7.23) of developing GDM. For women aged over 30 years, the chances are 4.7 times higher and may vary between 2.16 to 10.84 to develop GDM. Unemployed status was a protective factor as these groups of women had 91% less likely to have GDM. The existence of hypertension or diabetes had about 7.5 times higher odds of developing GDM in women (95% CI: 3.42-18.31). Women who had weight gain during their pregnancy were found to be at 1.29 times more risk of GDM and may vary between 1.16-1.45 as the measure of odds.

Conclusion: During pregnancy, GDM is a problem that many women endure. Enhancing pregnant women’s health and reducing risk factors both during and after pregnancy are essential.

Keywords: GDM, Pregnant women, Risk factors, Bangladesh

  1. MPH Fellow, Department of Public Health

    North South University, Dhaka

  2. Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine

    Sylhet Women’s Medical College, Sylhet

  3. MPH Fellow, Department of Maternal and Child Health

    National Institute of Preventive and Social Medicine, Dhaka

  4. Quality Control Manager, Quality Control Laboratory Unit

    Institute of Public Health (IPH), Dhaka

  5. Professor, Department of Community Medicine

    Z H Sikder Women’s Medical College, Dhaka

  6. Professor, Department of Public Health

    North South University, Dhaka

Volume 5, Number 2, July 2023
Page: 30-33