Analysis of Socio-demographic condition of Rape cases in a Rural District of Bangladesh


Farzana Islam1 , Nashid Tabassum Khan2 , Jinat Mustary Liza3 , Md. Evran Saify4 , Jannatun Naiem5 , Rowson Ara6


Background: Rape is an unlawful sexual offence carried out forcibly or under threat of injury against a person's will. Rape is a global problem. Sexual violence shatters lives, wounds communities and perpetuates injustice.
Objective: The objective of the study is to find out the frequency of reported rape cases in a rural district of Bangladesh and also to compare the age category of victims, level of education and socio-demographic characteristics. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study carried out in the department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, Comilla Medical College January 2020 to December 2020) with the support of the department faculties in reviewing the records using checklist. A total of 282 sexually assaulted victims, from different police station of Comilla district were sent for medico- legal examination in Forensic Medicine department during the mentioned period. Informed written consent was taken from the victims before examination in the department of Forensic Medicine, considering ethical issues.
Results: This study shows that 18.09% of rape cases was reported in the month of October 2020, 10.64% cases in September & December 2020. A total of 9.93 % of rape cases were filed from Debidwar upazila, 8.87 % cases from Adarsha sadar upazila, 8.16 % cases from Sadar dakshin upazila, 7.45 % cases from Chandina upazila, 7.10 % cases from Burichang and Titas upazila. It was revealed from the findings that among 282 sexually assaulted victims 77 (27.30%) are in 16-20 years age group and 68(24.11%) in 10-15 years of age group.236 ( 83.68% ) of the victims are Muslims. Marital status reveals that 158 (56.03%) of the rape victims are unmarried. Level of education is poor. 112 (39.71 %) of rape victims are completely illiterate, 80 (28.36 %) of victims have the knowledge of primary education, 70 (24.82 %) have knowledge of secondary education and remaining 20 (7.09%) are students of higher secondary level. Majority of the victims, 185 (65.60%) are from low socio-economic status.
Conclusion: Government should recognize sexual violence as major public health problem and create appropriate laws to protect the rights of children and women of Bangladesh.


  1. Associate Professor and Head, Dept. of Forensic Medicine

    Ibrahim Medical College, Dhaka

  2. Associate Professor & Head, Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology

    Z H Sikder Women's Medical College, Dhaka

  3. Assistant Professor, Dept. of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology

    Ibrahim Medical College, Dhaka

  4. Assistant Professor, Dept. of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology

    Ibrahim Medical College, Dhaka

  5. Assistant Professor, Dept. of Forensic Medicine

    Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka

  6. Associate Professor & Head, Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology

    Shaheed Monsur Ali Medical College, Dhaka

Volume 5, Number 1, January 2023
Page: 28-31