A Retrospective analysis of Suicidal Hanging in Dhaka Medical College

DOI: https://doi.org/10.47648/zhswmcj.2022.v0402.06

Islam F1 , Khan NT2


Background: Hanging is the most common and lethal method of suicide. Hanging occurs due to asphyxia and it produces painless death.

Objective: The objective of this study was to find out the incidence of deaths due to hanging in Dhaka city in relation to frequency, sex, socio-demographic factors, probable causes of hanging, degree of suspension and findings of the level of ligature mark on neck.

Materials and Methods: This descriptive type of cross sectional study was conducted in the department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology of Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka from January 2019 to January 2021. A total of 154 autopsies on hanging cases were done at DMC mortuary during the mentioned period. Data was collected from findings of the postmortem reports, inquest reports and challan.

Results: Our study findings revealed that out of 154 cases, most affected age group for hanging was 21-30 years. Male victims 96(62.34 %) were predominant than the females 58 (37.66 %). Majority of the victims were Muslims 120 (77.92%), married 104 (67.53%). Most vulnerable groups were housewives 75(48.70%) and students 48 (31. 17%). Family disharmony with husband 49(31.82%) were one of the leading cause of deaths in married females. Majority of the victims were completely suspended 122(79.22%). Post mortem report revealed that ligature mark was found above the thyroid cartilage 138 (89.61%) in majority of the victims.

Conclusion: Social awareness and effective counseling sessions can reduce the sufferings of the victims and deaths due to suicides in our society at large.


  1. Associate Professor & Head, Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology

    Ibrahim Medical College, Dhaka

  2. Associate Professor & Head, Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology

    Z H Sikder Women’s Medical College, Dhaka

Volume 4, Number 2, July 2022
Page: 27-30