Value of Kayser-Fleischer ring as a diagnostic tool for Wilson’s disease in children


Sadika Kadir1 , S M Bazlul Karim2 , Mohammed Ashraful Haque3 , Rafiqul Islam4 , Asif Imran5 , Tanveer Ahmed6


The Kayser-Fleischer(K-F) ring is the hallmark of Wilson’s disease (WD). In most adults or older children, the diagnosis of Wilson’s disease may be made easily when K-Frings and low ceruloplasmin levels are present. In this study presence of K-F ring has been evaluated among children with liver disease in Bangladesh to improve the management of Chronic liver disease due to WD and reduce complications. This cross-sectional study was carried out at the Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, BSMMU, Dhaka on 60 children presented with liver disease. Thirty children over three years of age considered as cases (Group-I) and thirty children with non- Wilsonian liver disease as control (Group-II). Slit lamp examination for K-F ring and twenty-four hour urinary copper excretion after giving one gram d-penicillamine 12-hour apart were done in each patient. The efficacy of K-F ring was studied. Mean age of WD patients was 8.9± 2.78 years, with a male female ratio of 1.3: 1. There was significant low level of serum ceruloplasmin in 93.33% of cases (p<.001). After penicillamine challenge, 24-hour urinary copper excretion was found significantly higher in patients with WD (median 3626.5±1698 μg/24h, range 1262- 195000) than non-Wilsonian liver disease (median 450±278.09 μg/24-h, range 47- 2062 μg/24h), (p<.001). K-F ring was found in 15 (50%) patients, absent in all patients of non-Wilsonian liver disease group and the difference was statistically significant (p<.001). Evaluation of Kayser-Fleischer ring is still a very essential diagnostic tool and is a non-invasive, affordable way to assist in the diagnosis of a potentially fatal disease.

Keywords: Chronic liver disease, Urinary copper, Wilson’s disease, Kayser-Fleischer ring.

  1. Assistant Professor, Paediatrics

    Z H Sikder Women's Medical College, Dhaka

  2. Professor and Chairman, Department of paediatric gastroenterology

    Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka

  3. Assistant Professor, Neurosurgery

    National Institute of Neuroscience, Dhaka

  4. Associate Professor, Paediatrics

    Z H Sikder Women's Medical College, Dhaka

  5. Registrar, Paediatrics

    Z H Sikder Women's Medical College, Dhaka

  6. Medical Officer, Paediatrics

    Z H Sikder Women's Medical College, Dhaka

Volume 3, Number 1, January 2021
Page: 20-23